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Know Whose Land You’re Running On

The Native Land Territories Map allows users to see the Indigenous lands they’re on and learn more about their past and present. 

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As members of the running community become more aware of the history of their public lands and as land acknowledgments become the norm during outdoor pursuits, resources for learning about Indigenous land and history are becoming more numerous and accessible. One such tool was recently introduced by the Gaia GPS to help outdoors enthusiasts be more cognizant of where they’re recreating.

The Gaia GPS web and mobile apps introduced the Native Land Territories map in 2020, which was created by Canadian nonprofit Native Land Digital. Gaia GPS, which is free with an Outside+ membership (though this map layer is free for all users without a subscription), now allows users to overlay the map on the area where they live or explore, see the historical and current Indigenous stewards of that land, and learn more about those peoples, including culture, language and involvement opportunities. 

The Native Land Territories Map in Gaia GPS.

RELATED: “You Cannot Erase Us:” A Letter From An Indigenous Runner

I think it’s great that people are finally acknowledging where they’re running, where they’re biking, but I feel like in some ways it’s becoming a trend,” says Verna Volker, an ultramarathoner, founder of the online community Native Women Running and member of the Navajo nation. “I feel very strongly that there needs to be more behind that land acknowledgment. When you look into that area where you’re doing that land acknowledgment, see how you can support the Native communities in that area.” 

Volker works to increase the visibility of Indigenous runners and to draw attention to the historical and continued contributions of Indigenous peoples to outdoor recreation and public lands. She also works with race directors to increase the number of Indigenous athletes competing in trail races and to raise awareness of the legacy of the lands that many trail races take place on. 

But she wants to see a deeper engagement with honoring and welcoming Indigenous athletes both at races and every day. While it can be easy to feel uncertain and afraid of using the wrong words, Volker thinks the best way to deal with that fear is to step toward it head on.

“[The] Boston [Marathon] did a land acknowledgment, which was huge,” Volker says. “I think more big, popular races need to do it. I think a lot of people may want to do it but they don’t know how to, or they feel uncomfortable. It’s a reality, that ‘Wow, this is not our land.’”

To further that goal, intersectional advocacy organization Rising Hearts created the Running On Native Lands Initiative to encourage greater involvement by race organizers in Indigenous communities and to make land acknowledgements universal practice at both road and trail races. But how should those of us who aren’t race directors move past discomfort and fear of making mistakes? 

RELATED: Verna Volker Finds Healing in a Community She Built

Going Further

While learning who the historical inhabitants of public lands were is a starting point, Dr. Len Necefer says it’s important not to get complacent. Necefer, an assistant professor of American Indian studies and public policy at the University of Arizona and founder of Natives Outdoors, encourages users to look beyond simply knowing the names of their regional tribes.

“I always say it’s kind of a first start,” says Necefer, who is also a member of the Navajo nation. “I think getting the names of tribes that are from these different landscapes is an important first goal in understanding the history that we weren’t taught in schools. We have to understand also that those layers can be limited in what they can provide in terms of knowledge.”

Natives Outdoors began as a social media program designed to highlight the stories of Indigenous people in the outdoors. It has since blossomed to include a team of over a dozen people telling Indigenous stories, working with tribal governments and outdoor brands to maximize visibility of Indigenous athletes and artists, and educating outdoor enthusiasts about the contributions, both historical and contemporary, of Indigenous people to all reaches of athletics. Necefer wrote for Outside Online about his perspective on land acknowledgements and preventing the practice from becoming performative and superficial. 

RELATED: Land Acknowledgements And How We Relate To The Trails We Run

“In my work, we’ve been trying to move more toward the longform land acknowledgement, connecting the contemporary stories of Indigenous peoples to these lands,” Necefer says. “I think it goes both ways. If people don’t know who the Ute people are, for example, or that they’re still around, I always say it’s kind of in one ear and out the other. But, it provides an opportunity to say, ‘Hey, is there an opportunity to add some depth to this map?’”

“I think people’s interest can be primed to learn more about that. It’s going to interest some, and for those that want to learn more and go further, it’s going to be useful.”

Accessing the Native Land Territories Map

Gaia GPS users with a premium membership can download the map to use offline in the backcountry, and Native Land Digital also provides a teaching guide that highlights the importance of Indigenous lands and peoples and offers guidance for using the Native Land Territories map. For Volker, recreationists taking the extra time to educate themselves shows genuine interest in and care for Indigenous peoples that goes beyond a pin on an Instagram post.

Native Lands Digital also notes that tools like the Native Land Territories map are only one part of the puzzle when it comes to educating ourselves about the history of colonialism in our outdoor spaces. Maps themselves are often inherently flawed, and the intent of Native Land Territories is to provide a starting point for being an engaged land user. Fully understanding, recognizing and highlighting Indigenous history and how it connects to the present is a complex and evolving endeavor, and runners interested in pursuing true connection should look to Indigenous communities who continue to steward the land they’re running on.

“Oftentimes, Indigenous people are put in one pot, that we’re all the same,” Volker says. “It’s great that this program has a lot of resources. Seeing that we’re all different, from each land, having those connections and collaborations is really important. And if you decide to partner and collaborate with us, listen to our voices.”

Reagan Colyer is Trail Runner’s assistant editor. She lives in the Northern Rockies and came to the trails after college as a middle-distance track athlete. She is a copy editor by trade and a reader of literally anything.